Liver Transplant Surgery
Liver failure happens when the liver gets damaged beyond repair and is in a bad condition to function. It often occurs slowly, over several years. The most common causes of prolonged liver failure consist of hepatitis B, C, and alcohol consumption since long. These deceased liver require Liver Transplant surgery done in major hospitals and a very commonly treated disease. Liver Transplant Surgery is the second most commonly performed surgeries world-wide after kidney transplant surgery.
A liver transplant is a medical procedure which involves replacing of a deceased liver with a healthy liver. Liver transplant Surgery requires the blood type and weight of the donor matches the person receiving the new liver. Because liver is the single organ in the body that can regenerate, so a liver can entirely be transplanted or even a portion as it can rebuild to its normal capacity within weeks’ time.
Need For A Liver Transplant Surgery
A liver transplant is required when a person’s liver fails to carry out its daily functions and there is no hope that the liver will function in the futureeven after a medical treatment. Various diseases cause liver failures but common indication for a liver transplant is a condition called cirrhosis where scarring of the liver happens.Reasons for liver cirrhosis are -
- Prolonged Hepatitis B
- Prolonged Hepatitis C
- Liver disease caused due to heavy intake of alcohol.
- Fatty liver diseases
- Genetic Liver diseases
- Autoimmune liver diseases
Liver transplants are also done for treatment of liver cancer, acute liver failure and certain bile duct diseases
Types Of Liver Transplant
Mostlyliver transplant is done through a liver donated by a donor who is usuallydead. This is type of transplantis called as deceased donor liver transplantor cadaveric liver transplant. Sometimes a healthy person is willing to donate a part of his/her liver for a particularpatient (mostly a family member). This type of transplant is called as living donor liver transplant. All donated livers and living donors are tested before transplant surgery. Prior to the surgery few tests are done that help in determine and ensure the donor’s liver matches your blood type, and is of the right size, so that its matched with the patient’s body and works absolutely normal.
Liver Transplant Procedure
Liver transplant Surgery is a medical procedure that is performed in specialized liver transplant centers. During a liver transplant surgery procedure, the surgeon removes the unhealthy liver and replaces it with a new healthy liver. The sick liver is removed through anincision made in the abdomen region. The liver’s blood supplying veins and arteriesincluding the biliary system is connected to the new liver after placing it into the abdominal cavity.
What Happens After The Liver Transplant Procedure?
After a liver transplant surgery, the patient is shifted to ICU (intensive care unit), and monitored very closely. The patient is connected to several other medical equipments and is continuously on a machine calledrespirator that breathes for the patient pumping oxygen to the lungs. The tubes and respirator are removed once the patient starts breathing himself. Once the patient is awake he needs to undergo various test includingX-ray, ECGs and blood tests during his/her hospital stay. In some cases Blood transfusions may be required. The patient leaves the ICU once he/she is able to breathe well, and has a nor malblood pressure, body temperature, and heart rate, which could be about 3-4 days after he is out of the ICU and needs to stay in the hospital for few weeks before he goes home.
Common Complications After A Liver Transplant Surgery
- Acute rejection – Mostly happens while you are still in the hospital, however it can also happen when you are at home or anytime anywhere. Need not worry, rejections can be treated with medications. In this situation the patient may require a liver biopsy.
- Reappearance of liver disease - The diseases which damaged your healthy liver may come back effecting the new liver. These diseases damage the new liver a little or completely. In cases like these, although the disease can be treated, but some times may require a second transplant surgery.
- Cancer – Usually people after any organ transplant surgery may be at risk of skin cancer. These cancer may spread quickly as compared to people without organ transplants. Due to this the patient may require to undergo certain cancer related tests and medications.
- Liver Transplant patients are prone to get infections, high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, bone thinning and obese.
Medical Follow-up after a Liver Transplant Surgery
Lifelong medical follow-up is needed for patients who had Liver Transplant Surgery. You will be required to visit your transplant center regularly and be in touch with your surgeon. Post-transplant, patient will be on some medications that include Immuno suppression drugs which will keep the body from fighting off the new organ. You may be given other medicines to control blood pressure, antibiotics and antivirals, diabetes, diuretics, and necessary minerals and vitamins.
Liver Transplant Surgery In India
Travcure medical tourism consultants are leading medical care consultants connected with top liver transplant hospitals in India across major cities. Travcure medical tourism consultants have a team of experts who constantly interact with the best liver transplant surgeons in the country offering one of the best medical care in India.
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